Sunderbans wildlife sanctuary
Home | Excursions From Kolkata | Sunderbans wildlife sanctuary
Sunderbans wildlife sanctuary in West Bengal is inarguably one of India’s most well known reserves exhibiting a tremendous environment where the unique natural habitat houses a wide variety of exotic flora & fauna. The reserve is both dreaded and admired for a variety of reasons and its population of Tigers as well as several legends & incidents associated with them have made it a must visit especially for the wildlife lovers.
In a sense, Sunderbans is synonymous with Tigers who rule the roost here. It is one of the last preserves of the Royal Bengal tiger, a part of tiger conservation project, home to the largest number of wild tigers in the world- including man eaters. A UNESCO world heritage site, Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary is houses a large number of other animals, birds, mammals etc. Regarded as one of the most unique ecosystems in this part of the world, Sunderbans is situated south of Kolkata and is dominated by mangrove forests. A part of the world's largest delta region located at the mouth of the Ganges, the wildlife sanctuary sprawls over 54 islands and two countries in India and Bangladesh.
Flora & Fauna at Sunderbans:-
Sunderbans houses the biggest population of Royal Bengal Tigers in the world. As the saying goes about Sunderbans ‘here the tiger is always watching you’. According to the latest census, there are around 280 Tigers at Sunderbans where Project Tiger was implemented in 1973. Another feature is the adaptability that Tigers have shown towards mangroves.
The Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project is a crocodile-breeding farm and the Bhagabatpur hatchery is the largest estuarine crocodile in the world. The variety of reptiles found at Sunderbans includes Olive Ridley, estuarine crocodile, monitor lizard, water monitor and Indian python. Some
50 species of crabs, 100 species of fish and a large variety of mollusks are also found here.
Sunderbans is also a bird lover’s paradise with its wide variety of birds including both resident and migratory. Some of the noteworthy residents includes Pallas's fish eagle, Oriential hobby, northern eagle owl, , swamp francolin, white-collared kingfisher, osprey, white-bellied sea eagle, peregrine falcon, and brown fish owl.